If the wines of Occitanie have so much soul and personality, it is above all because the winegrowers watch over the richness, authenticity and quality of their vineyards.
South-West, Languedoc and Roussillon wines
- Occitania vineyards are distributed on the ancestral soils of the south of France where the establishment of vine dates back to Antiquity. From south-west to south-east, from the near Ocean to the shores of the Mediterranean, brushing against the Pyrenees chain then leaning against the foothills of the Massif Central, the wine-growing areas cover an area of 263 hectares, including 000 37 for the south-western part and 000 for the south-eastern part. Bringing together the historic regions of Languedoc, Roussillon and South-West, this vast territory is distinguished by a number of wine appellations which has no equivalent at the global level: the Occitanie wines come in around sixty Protected Designations of Origin (AOP) and nearly fifty Protected Geographical Indications (IGP). Benefiting from the proximity of the Pyrenees and the oceanic influences South West, bathed in the Mediterranean climate in Languedoc and Roussillon, the Occitania vineyards today bring together the largest range of appellation wines in the same area. The very high quality level they have acquired also make them ambassadors of incomparable nuances of terroirs, served by the specific character of regional grape varieties and the interweaving of climatic singularities.
Wines from the Southwest or wines from Languedoc & Roussillon? Pyrenees or Mediterranean?
Occitanie ranks first in the world in terms of the extent of wine-growing areas and the large number of appellations grouped together within the same territory. This brings together a remarkable number of Occitan winegrowers which contribute to the wine reputation of South West and Languedoc and Roussillon. Each independent estate, each cooperative group, brings its own signature to the wines of Occitanie. All are determined by the characteristics of their production area as well as by the local and family history which governs the management of the vineyards. Entering each of these stories individually is as much indicative of a human adventure as of a highly qualitative expression of the different Occitania wine terroirs.
- Occitanie wines are distributed in two main types. In Languedoc and Roussillon the Mediterranean signature of the wines is essential and comes in exciting nuances depending on whether the wine-growing areas are located near the sea or backing up against the reliefs of the Pyrenees and the Massif Central. Red wines predominate there, commonly made from Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre and Carignan. White wines for their part often make the reputation of proper appellations such as Picpoul de Pinet or Clairette du Languedoc. In the South West, where oceanic influences dominate, the vineyards are distributed in archipelago. The typicity of the wines is frequently qualified by singular grape varieties such as Tannat in Madiran, Malbec in Cahors or Négrette in Fronton. The terroir of Gaillac would even be the most demonstrative, where the restoration of endemic grape varieties on the vineyard is one of the claimed characteristics of the appellation.
Over the days and seasons, revealing the richness of the terroirs of Roussillon, Languedoc and South West, the Occitanie wines are also revealed on Instagram in marriage of cuvées and flavors.
Benefiting from a particularly favorable climate, Occitania occupies the first place in the classification of vineyards conducted under organic labeling. Support for virtuous wine initiatives is even one of the first commitments of the local authority. In the South-West as in Languedoc-Roussillon, the number of estates whose wines are officially certified organic or organic conversion keeps growing. If the size of the domains concerned mainly includes small farms of a few hectares managed by independent winegrowers, the dynamic is also driven by large wine-growing structures. Together, all contribute to the reputation of organic wines from Occitanie, available in all the typicities of each terroir and each appellation.
When the Occitania wineries do not benefit from an organic labeling, they often opt for a certification in High Environmental Value (French Environmental Label) (label HVE). This classification, supervised by the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, concerns the entire vineyard or the wines produced by the farm. It guarantees that the vineyards concerned are engaged in environmentally friendly approaches. Control is exercised on several levels of consistency: promoting biodiversity, regulate thephytosanitary intervention, rationalize fertilization and optimize theirrigation. The approach promoting good environmental health in the vineyards of the South-West and Languedoc-Roussillon, HVE certified domains are highlighted on Occitania vineyards.